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5 Different Types of Skin Blemishes on The Face And Its Treatments

CEO Tinh Phung
Does your confidence take a hit when you spot a blemish on your face? You're not alone. Many women struggle with low confidence due to imperfections on their skin. The good news is that there...

Does your confidence take a hit when you spot a blemish on your face? You're not alone. Many women struggle with low confidence due to imperfections on their skin. The good news is that there are plenty of treatments available to manage blemishes. But before we dive into that, let's understand the different types of skin blemishes.

Types Of Blemishes

  • Acne
  • Rash
  • Age spots
  • Birthmarks
  • Melasma

1. Acne

ACNE Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, occurs when oil, bacteria, and dirt block a hair follicle on your skin.

A. Causes

  • Hormones
  • Stress
  • Certain medications
  • Poor hygiene
  • Wrong skin care products
  • Sun exposure
  • Unhealthy diet

B. Treatment

Blemishes or dark spots caused by acne can be treated with pigment-reducing actives available in the form of creams and serums.

2. Rash

RASH A skin rash is characterized by a change in skin color and texture. Here are some common causes of skin rash:

A. Causes

  • Hot and humid weather
  • Excess sun exposure
  • Food allergies
  • Dry skin
  • Insect bites
  • Medication effects
  • Fungal or bacterial skin infection

B. Treatment

To relieve mild pain associated with a rash, you can use paracetamol or ibuprofen (advil). It's important to avoid harsh and scented skincare products. Blemishes caused by a rash can be treated with pigment-reducing actives.

3. Age Spots

AGE SPOTS Age spots, also known as liver spots, commonly occur in people over the age of 40.

A. Causes

Exposure to the sun leads to overactive skin pigment cells, which accelerates the production of melanin in certain areas of the skin, resulting in harmless age spots.

B. Treatment

Bleaching agents containing hydroquinone can be used to treat age spots.

4. Birth Marks

BIRTHMARKS Birthmarks are abnormalities of the skin that are present when a baby is born. There are two types of birthmarks:

  • Vascular birthmarks, which are made up of blood vessels that haven't formed correctly.
  • Pigmented birthmarks, which are made of a cluster of pigment cells that cause color in the skin.

Birthmarks can come in various colors, from tan to brown, gray to black, or even blue. Moles can also be considered birthmarks.

A. Causes

The cause of birthmarks is unknown.

B. Treatment

Most birthmarks are harmless. Vascular birthmarks can be removed using laser surgery.

5. Melasma

MELASMA Melasma is caused by the excess production of melanin, a skin pigment, and is characterized by dark patches on the skin.

A. Causes

  • Exposure to the sun
  • Hormonal abnormalities
  • Birth control pills
  • Pregnancy

B. Treatment

Topical treatments for melasma include iron oxide, hydroquinone, azelaic acid, kojic acid, corticosteroids, etc. Oral treatments include tranexamic acid, polypodium, leucotomos, and glutathione. Procedural treatments include laser, chemical peels, and microneedling.

What Is The Difference Between Acne And Blemishes?

Acne and blemishes are not the same thing. Acne is a skin concern characterized by pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads, while blemishes refer to any type of spots, discoloration, marks, or flaws on the skin. However, blemishes can form as a result of acne.

When Should You See Your Doctor?

Make a visit to your doctor if your blemish:

  • Changes in size or color
  • Begins to bleed

Are There Any Home Remedies For Blemishes?

While these home remedies are not scientifically proven, they have yielded effective results based on ancient science:

  1. Tomato Juice: Rich in Vitamin C and antioxidants, tomatoes have astringent properties that can help clear blemishes.
  2. Aloe Vera: Not only does aloe vera heal blemishes, but it also promotes the growth of new skin cells.
  3. Egg White: Natural enzymes in egg whites help lighten the skin.
  4. Honey: With its anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidants, honey can lighten scars.
  5. Lemon Juice: Lemon juice acts as a natural bleaching agent that lightens scars and blemishes. Other natural ingredients that have the potential to fade away blemishes include cocoa butter, baking soda, apple cider vinegar, potato juice, neem, papaya, oatmeal mask, shea butter, yogurt mask, and turmeric mask.

What Are The 5 Vital Steps to Avoid Blemishes?

To prevent blemishes, follow these essential steps:

  1. Eat healthily.
  2. Get adequate sleep.
  3. Lead a stress-free life.
  4. Follow a skincare routine.
  5. Exercise to flush out toxins.

What Is An Ideal Skincare Routine?

Following a skincare routine religiously not only keeps blemishes away but also leads to healthy skin. Here are the basics:

A. Cleansing

Cleansing is the first and foremost step in any skincare routine. It removes dust, dirt, excess oils, and makeup residue from your skin, preparing it for the next set of skincare products. Use a gentle cleanser that cleans deeply without stripping off the natural oils and disrupting the pH balance of your skin.

B. Toning

Cleansing can disrupt the pH balance of your skin, so it's important to use a toner to bring it back to normal.

C. Moisturizing

Moisturizing is crucial for keeping your skin healthy. Regardless of your skin type, moisturizing provides hydration and repairs the skin's natural barrier. After moisturizing, apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen to protect your skin from the harsh rays of the sun.

D. Treating

If you're dealing with specific skin concerns like acne, tan, dark spots, or premature aging, use a serum that targets those issues. Apply the serum soon after cleansing for maximum benefits.

E. Exfoliating

Exfoliating helps remove dead skin cells. Exfoliate your skin once a week to reveal fresh, radiant skin.

Before starting a skincare routine, it's crucial to understand your skin and its unique needs. Take SkinKraft's SkinID™ questionnaire to get a FREE Skin Analysis and a customized skincare recommendation.

Begin By Knowing Your Skin

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