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The Ultimate Guide to 1700 Fashion: From Baroque to Rococo

CEO Tinh Phung
The 1700s were a time of opulence and extravagance in fashion, with two distinct creative styles shaping the era's trends: the Baroque and the Rococo. These styles, characterized by ornate decorations, intricate fabrics, and vibrant...

The 1700s were a time of opulence and extravagance in fashion, with two distinct creative styles shaping the era's trends: the Baroque and the Rococo. These styles, characterized by ornate decorations, intricate fabrics, and vibrant colors, continue to influence modern design. In this ultimate guide, we will explore the features of both the Baroque and Rococo periods, popular materials and colors, hairstyles and cosmetics trends, footwear styles, and the lasting impact of 1700 fashion on present-day style.

1700 Fashion Image: 1700 Fashion

I. Baroque Fashion (1600-1720)

Baroque fashion dominated the early 17th century, from approximately 1600 to 1720. This period was marked by ornate patterns, rich colors, and exquisite embellishments, drawing significant influences from the arts and culture of the time.

Sumptuous textiles like silk, velvet, and brocade were the hallmarks of Baroque fashion. These luxurious fabrics were often adorned with intricate needlework, lace, and gems, resulting in lavish and extravagant costumes.

Men's fashion during the Baroque period emphasized functionality and practicality, with attire consisting of breeches, stockings, and doublets. These outfits were typically made from rich materials, with embroidery and lace adding a touch of sophistication.

Women's fashion, on the other hand, was all about extravagance and drama. Baroque dresses featured enormous skirts sometimes padded and supported by hoops. The neckline was traditionally low and square, while puffed sleeves and tightly cinched waists enhanced the dramatic appearance.

Hairstyles and cosmetics were equally important during this period. Men wore caps, while women adorned their elaborate hairstyles with beautiful jewelry. Baroque fashion was all about exuding wealth and grandeur, with a focus on luxury and opulence.

II. Rococo Fashion (1720-1789)

Rococo fashion emerged in the mid-18th century and lasted until the French Revolution in 1789. This period was characterized by aesthetic and cultural flourishing, with the Rococo style influencing not just art and architecture but also fashion.

Rococo attire featured light, pastel colors and intricate motifs. Fabrics like silk, muslin, and taffeta were favored, with delicate flower patterns and elaborate needlework incorporated into the designs.

Men's attire during the Rococo era remained relatively subdued, with suits and coats featuring plain motifs and solid colors. Women's attire, on the other hand, boasted intricate and ornate patterns, with gowns featuring voluminous skirts and tight bodices. Bows, ruffles, and lace accents added to the feminine appeal.

One iconic Rococo fashion piece was the sack-back gown, characterized by a tight bodice and a flowing skirt with a train. Often made of light materials like silk and muslin, these dresses featured delicate flower patterns and embroidery.

Hairstyles were also ornate during the Rococo period, with women wearing curled and powdered hair, typically adorned with feathers, ribbons, and diamonds. Light face powder and rouge were used to achieve a porcelain complexion, and makeup became fashionable.

Wide-brimmed hats, fans, and parasols were popular accessories for women, while men often wore caps and carried walking sticks made of precious metals like gold and silver.

III. Fabrics and Colors in 1700s Fashion

Fabrics and colors played a significant role in 1700s fashion. Both Baroque and Rococo styles incorporated a variety of luxurious textiles in a wide range of colors, from deep and rich to light and airy.

Silk was a popular fabric during this era, used to make gowns, waistcoats, and jackets. Velvet, particularly for formal attire, was frequently embellished with stitching and ornaments.

During the Baroque period, brocade, a silk fabric with complex patterns created by additional weft threads, was in vogue. Brocade gowns, waistcoats, and jackets were often embroidered with gold or silver thread.

Muslin, a light and airy fabric, gained popularity during the Rococo era. It was used for gowns and undergarments, prized for its delicate texture and draping abilities.

When it came to colors, the Baroque period favored deep and rich tones such as burgundy, forest green, and navy blue. In contrast, Rococo fashion embraced softer, pastel colors like pink, lavender, and pale blue. These colors were often combined with white or cream-colored fabrics to create a delicate and feminine look.

Patterns were also in vogue, with floral designs and exquisite needlework favored by both men and women. Metallic thread and sequins added a touch of opulence, elevating the garments to new levels of luxury.

IV. Hairstyles and Makeup in 1700 Fashion

Hairstyles and makeup were essential components of 1700 fashion, with both men and women dedicating considerable time and effort to perfecting their looks. These aspects added to the overall grandeur and extravagance of the era.

Baroque women's hairstyles were characterized by high, powdered, and curled coiffures. Hairpieces and wigs were used to achieve the desired look, which could be adorned with gems, ribbons, and feathers, often taking hours to create.

Rococo hairstyles took a more natural and flowing approach, with loose curls and waves becoming fashionable. Women often wore their hair in a loose bun or chignon, framing their features with tendrils. These hairstyles were frequently embellished with delicate accessories like flowers and ribbons.

Makeup also played a significant role during the 1700s. Baroque women wore thick makeup to achieve a pale, porcelain complexion. This involved using lead-based products like white lead or Venetian ceruse, which posed health risks.

Rococo makeup focused on attaining a healthy, vibrant complexion. Rouge was applied to the cheeks to achieve a rosy hue, while lip colors like red and pink were popular choices. Both men and women used beauty spots or moles, small circular patches applied to the body as a fashion statement.

V. Footwear in 1700 Fashion

Footwear was a crucial aspect of 1700 fashion, with both men and women donning elaborate and luxurious shoes to complement their outfits. From delicate slippers to towering high heels, footwear during this era was a blend of fashion and function.

In the Baroque period, men wore high-heeled shoes adorned with decorative buckles and embroidery. Women, on the other hand, preferred delicate, flat-soled slippers made from luxurious materials like silk, velvet, and brocade. These slippers often featured intricate embroidery and embellishments such as bows, ribbons, or jewels.

During the Rococo period, shoes became even more elaborate. Men continued to wear high-heeled shoes, often decorated with decorative buckles and made from luxurious materials like leather or silk. Women's shoes took on a more extravagant form, with towering high heels and intricate designs featuring elaborate embroidery, bows, feathers, and jewels.

One of the most iconic shoe styles during the Rococo period was the pompadour shoe, characterized by a high heel and a curved upper extending over the instep. These shoes were often adorned with delicate embroidery or lace and were popular among women of all social classes.

Footwear during this era also evolved to reflect changing clothing fashions. For instance, as skirts grew wider during the Rococo period, shoes with a wider toe box were introduced to accommodate the extra volume.

VI. Fashion Icons of the 1700s

The 1700s witnessed the rise of numerous fashion icons who shaped and inspired the trends of the time. From royalty to celebrities and socialites, these individuals left a lasting impact on fashion.

Queen Marie Antoinette of France became one of the most famous figures in 1700s fashion. Known for her lavish taste and love of fashion, she became an emblem of the Rococo era. Her elaborate costumes, towering hairstyles, and extravagant accessories sparked design trends throughout Europe.

Madame de Pompadour, a French courtesan and mistress of King Louis XV, was another prominent figure of the time. Recognized for her impeccable taste and fashion sense, she often appeared in paintings wearing the latest fashions, popularizing trends such as the pompadour shoe that bears her name.

Sarah Siddons, an actress and fashion influencer, was a trendsetter in the 1700s. Her impeccable style and perfect taste were frequently showcased in photographs, inspiring women across the country to replicate her latest clothing choices.

Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, stood out as a notable fashion icon in England. Known for her love of high fashion and expensive taste, she often appeared in photographs wearing the newest trends of the day, influencing fashion across the country.

Lastly, Beau Brummell, a renowned Regency-era fashion dandy, was celebrated for his impeccable taste and graceful flair. Brummell played a vital role in popularizing the modest, minimalist style that emerged in the early nineteenth century, and his legacy continues to influence fashion trends today.

VII. Conclusion

In conclusion, 1700 fashion was a time of immense creativity and luxury in clothing. From the Baroque to the Rococo periods, fashion embraced opulent materials, intricate patterns, and lavish accessories. The legacy of 1700 fashion continues to shape modern fashion trends, from the use of expensive fabrics and detailed designs to the popularity of high heels and statement accessories. The influence of this era lives on, inspiring new generations of designers and fashion enthusiasts.